How To Make Purple & How to Make Shades of Purple Color .When drawing pictures, it often happens that the desired shadow ends or is missing from the palette. Therefore, novice artists have a problem with how to obtain purple when mixing paint with gouache,
How To Make Purple & How to Make Shades of Purple Color .When drawing pictures, it often happens that the desired shadow ends or is missing from the palette. Therefore, novice artists have a problem with how to obtain purple when mixing paint with gouache, watercolor, etc. At first glance, this is easy to do, just look at the combination table and mix 2 other colors. But in this process, problems often arise, and if you want to solve the problem, you need to study the problem more deeply.
Table of Contents
What tools are needed
To work, you need the following tools:
- Color palette. White is best because colored surfaces will distort shadows. Models made of plastic or similar materials are most suitable.
- The basic pigment groups are red, blue, yellow, green, white, and black.
- A cup or a small jar of water. The fluid must be changed regularly to prevent clogging of the brushes.
- Draft canvas. You can check the suitability of the smear on it.
If you do not have a palette, you can replace it with a glass, saucer, bowl, mixing bowl, or any other glass or plastic container.
How To Make Purple
We get the color
- Pure purple
- Light purple
- Dark purple
To get different shades of purple, you need to mix red paint with blue paint. In this case, you should avoid yellow and all hues that contain it, otherwise the result will be dirty brown or gray undertones. Pay attention to the saturation and purity of red and blue when mixing-the characteristics of the final color depend on them.
Compared to the colors produced by mixing red and blue, the resulting colors will be more saturated and less pale.
The standard violet is obtained by mixing blue and red in a 2:1 ratio. Then create different tones from this foundation, adding black, white, pink, blue, and other tones.
The easiest way to get a light purple hue is to add white to the base color. The white is gradually mixed with the main color until the desired result is achieved. Check the results on the palette regularly. The maximum ratio of white to background color is 1:5, otherwise the background color may be lost.
If you need to lighten the hue a little, you can dilute the purple pigment with water. This helps make it fuller and more natural. It should be remembered that you can only mix light colors on a white palette, because wood or painted surfaces can deform them.
By mixing blue and pink, you can get unusual light purple (thistle, lilac, wisteria) shades. Based on the first color, then gradually introduce the second color. Cooler pink tones produce light purple shades, while warmer tones increase brightness.
If you add a little red to the final lavender, it will have a pleasant light amethyst color. By adding blue, you can get a bright berry undertone.
A dark purple hue is obtained by mixing dark blue and bright red. The first color “absorbs” the warmth and richness of the second color, causing the eggplant to darken. You can increase the proportion of red to make it brighter, but this won’t completely change the situation. The brighter deep purple comes from a mixture of red, indigo, and lilac. Saturation and hue depend on the proportion of the color, you can choose by yourself.
How to correct the result color
The purple palette has many shades, each of which is used for painting or decoration. To obtain the desired hue by mixing pigments, you need to make corrections. Her rules:
- White helps to lighten the tones and turn them into pastels. Watercolors and similar paints can also be diluted with a little water. But it is important not to overuse the liquid, otherwise you may damage the paper or leave unpleasant water stains on the canvas.
- Adding black helps to darken the purple, but it must be poured carefully, otherwise the mixture will completely fade and clogged into a dark gray. Using deep indigo will help avoid this.
- You can get a subtle lavender hue by adding gray to purple.
- Add a small amount of warm pink to increase the juiciness of the color. By changing the ratio and density, you can get grapes, amethysts and other shades.
- By remixing purple and red, dark colors such as wine, berries, and eggplant can be obtained.
- Adding blue or indigo will help darken the purple a bit. The result is cool and rich shadows suitable for painting night scenes.
- For vibrant plums, take the dark purple and dilute with pure red.
- When adding violet, you can shift a bit of blue to blue without further darkening. If a delicate lavender-blue halftone is required, the resulting color will be brightened with paint.
The smallest particles of other paints will ruin the entire work, clogging the paint with brown or gray spots. To avoid this, tools must be thoroughly cleaned after each use.
How to make a purple shade
In general, ultramarine blue produces a deep purple, while mixing purple with cobalt blue produces a lighter purple. Purple mixed with deep alizarin red will also be cooler in color temperature than violet mixed with blue and cadmium red. You can also mix purple with other reds mentioned here, such as Burnt Siena, Quinacridone Red and Vermillion.
Mix blue and red
Features of working with different colors
- Oil painting
- Acrylic pain
- Gouache paint
- Watercolor paint
Oil paints are the most difficult to mix because of their viscous consistency and distinctive texture. This can be done in 3 ways:
- Mechanically or physically. The desired colors are mixed in a special container with a clay base for correction. The result is a new shade. It is necessary to carefully combine the varnishes mechanically in order to avoid even the smallest homogeneous stains and untreated areas. This is the only way to get a clean and even tone.
- Overlay. It is executed directly on the canvas. An additional thin, translucent layer is applied to the main tone. This creates the illusion of mixing colors, which allows you to create new shades in the picture. The technique is quite difficult to apply and requires knowledge of the glaze, so it is rarely used by beginners.
- Optical mixing. Strokes of different colors are placed as close to each other as possible and placed at a special angle, which allows you to create the illusion of merging. This technique allows you to achieve an even tone, but it requires skill in drawing.
Oil paints are mostly mixed mechanically. The remaining 2 are used by skilled artists in the drawing process.
Acrylic paint is easier to mix than oil paint. A base tone is applied to the palette, after which another is added in small portions until the desired result is achieved. Then the color is corrected with black and the white. Since it is difficult to calculate the exact proportions of acrylic, you need to gradually combine the shades and test the result regularly.
Acrylic tends to change color slightly as it dries, so it is advisable to make a control smear on the canvas and wait for it to dry before applying a new shade. This will help avoid mistakes in painting the picture.
Gouache should not be mixed on paper or corrected by diluting it with water. New tones are obtained by combining two colors on a white plastic pallet in a special plastic or glass container. First, the main color is applied to the surface – blue or blue, then pink or red is mixed with it until the desired result is obtained. The resulting tone is lightened with whitewash or darkened with a little black (can be replaced with dark green).
When working with gouache, purple paint can be mixed with black and white at the same time if you want a matte, muted tone. You can add some yellow to the mix of red and blue to create a bright magenta.
Watercolors are mixed on a palette or on paper. In the second case, you can make test strokes on a design or merge them as you draw. The paint is well diluted with water, so light shades are usually obtained by adding liquid. Dark or vivid variations of purple are achieved by adding red, black, pink, dark blue, and other colors.
When mixing watercolors, you can only use pure colors that don’t have streaks or stains. Otherwise, the purple will become dull or gray or brownish. Also, watercolor deteriorates quickly and absorbs other colors, so it is advisable to correct the shades with a minimum of impurities.
Also Read: how to make skin color paint
Names of the different shades of purple?
There are around 200 purple varieties in total (196 in the Panton range). Each of them has a name – this is used as an orientation for artists, designers and specialists for whom an understanding of color is important. The most common shades:
- royal purple;
- smoky purple;
- sparkling grapes.
You can find more exotic shades of purple in the catalogs. Each of them is assigned a number in CMYK format (Cyan – Cyan, Magenta – Magenta, Yellow – Yellow, Key Color – Black), which indicates the expressiveness of certain color tones. For the sake of simplicity, all shades are given a simple name. These include rather unusual colors such as “icy lavender”, “violet snow” or “nostalgic rose”.
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